Child loan to parent (including aged care) – Child lending money to parents

Loan Agreement Book Cover
  • Loan Agreement

  • $385 includes GST

  • Loan to Parent Agreement

Lending money to mum and dad – Loan to Parent

How does a child lend money to a parent?

1. Sad child lends money to parents

Handing money to your mum and dad? You give your mum $600k.

This is to get her into quality aged care.

  • Mum gets married: She then marries the young and handsome Ken. Later they divorce.

The Family Court gives the handsome Ken half of the $600k. It is the only asset of the marriage.loan to parent lend to parents lend money to parents for aged care child lends money to parent child lends money to dad child lends money to mum

The Family Court is not interested that the money is a gift from you. Instead, build and get mum to sign this Loan to Parent Agreement. loan to parent

  • Or, mum dies. Your siblings say:

‘Thank you for giving mum $600k as a gift.

Mum’s Will states everything equally to us.

There are no Loan to Parent Agreement to say it was a loan. So is a gift from you. Yippee, what a great windfall.’

2. Smart child lends money to parents

You lend mum $400,000 to move into quality aged care.

You build and get Mum to sign the parent Loan Agreement.

  • Mum marries toy boy: Mum marries a fast talking gentleman in the retirement home. They then divorce. He wants half of her assets.

The toy boy states that her assets are $400k. He wants $200k. The Family Court is shown the legally prepared Loan Agreement. The Family Court orders that he gets nothing. This is because your mum’s net assets are nil.

  • Mum dies. Your greedy siblings are pleased to see that Mum’s estate is $400k. This is solely from the sale of her aged care home. But mum’s estate has a $400k debt owing to you. You get your $400k back first.

Resources to empower you to comply with CentrelinkCentrelink and trust deeds Legal Consolidated

Free Centrelink tool kit:

Lending to a child? Build Loan Agreement – get back your child’s loan if they divorce

To protect your parent loan build a legally prepared Parent Loan Agreement. This is on our law firm’s website. Homemade loan agreements may not work. They carry less weight with the Family Court and Bankruptcy Court. Why take the risk?

I love my mum! I don’t want to ‘lend’ money to my mum

There is nothing wrong with helping your parents financially. But protect the money in case:loan to parent lend to parents lend money to parents for aged care child lends money to parent child lends money to dad child lends money to mum

  1. mum’s divorce lend money to parents
  2. your parents go bankrupt
  3. your dad suffers from drugs prescribed by his doctor
  4. your mum suffers a mental condition
  5. your parents stop loving you
  6. you run out of money yourself
  7. your parents leave everything in their Will to all their children equally – you end up giving money to your siblings

You can always forgive the debt, at a later time. 

How to document a loan from a child to a parent

Never ‘give’ your parents money. Always ‘lend’ them money ‘payable on demand’. Get it back if something goes wrong.

With the Loan to Parent Agreement, you never rely on a verbal agreement. Build a Loan Agreement on our law firm website. We are Australia’s only law firm website providing legal documents online. It puts everything in writing with rules for the loan.

Any tax issues when a child lends money to mum and dad?

There are no tax issues. The interest rate for the loan is ‘as advised by the Lender’. Therefore, while the interest rate is zero you have no income tax issues. If your mum separates from her toy boy you can increase the interest rate to draw more money out of the failed relationship. There is less money for the Family Court to give to your ex-father-in-law.

A loan isn’t always for a property, medical and retirement homes. You can also fund your parent’s Superannuation fund. Speak to your Financial Planner and Accountant about this tax effective opportunity.

When a child lends money to a parent:

1. talk with all your parents and your siblings together about the loans
2. never gift parents money – only loan them money (this protects both you and them)
3. don’t rely on home-made loans or IOUs – build a Loan Agreement

Is it legal to build your parent’s Wills

Child to Parent Loan Agreement on the back of an envelope?

In the movies, IOUs are often handwritten on a piece of paper. Sometimes instead of a Child to a Parent Loan Agreement, someone does a ‘minute’. Both approaches fail. In Rowntree v FCT [2018] FCA 182 shows the additional care required to document even simple related-party transactions, such as loans. In this case, the taxpayer, a practising NSW lawyer, claimed he borrowed over $4m from his group of private companies. The Court said:

‘Mr Rowntree has not deliberately chosen to ignore the law. His evidence presented to the Tribunal suggests that he genuinely believed that there were arguments to support his view that a loan was in existence.’loan agreement legal consolidated brett davies lawyers

He failed. Only a legally prepared Loan Agreement satisfies the ATO, Bankruptcy Courts and Family Court.

See free sample of a Child to Parent Loan Agreement

Press ‘Start Building for free‘ button above to build:

  1. Our law firm’s letter of advice.
  2. Loan to Parent Agreement – ready to sign

Press the above “Sample” button to see full free sample. This includes our law firm’s covering letter.

Q: Can I use the Loan Agreement to put a caveat over my parents home?

Q: I am a financial planner who specialises in aged care advice. I am often asked: do I need to sell my home to pay the aged care bond and nursing home costs?

As the population of Australia ages, more mums and dads can no longer look after themselves at home. They need to enter residential aged care.

Usually there is a lump sum payment required. This is for admission to an aged care facility. It is called an a Refundable Accommodation Deposit (RAD). This bond ranges from $200,000 on up. The bond amout is based on:

  • Mum and dads ‘assets’
  • demand for rooms where the aged care facility is based
  • the skill of the financial planner and accountant to negotiate the price
  • the extra servicesthe aged care facility offers

An average Australian family, of retirement age, has almost 60% of their assets tied up in their family home. Often the sale of the family home is required to fund the aged care buy in.

Can a child lend mum and dad the money? This is by building a Legal Consolidaated Loan to Parent Agreement? This is so when mum and dad die the child gets back the money the child lent the parents? This is before the wealth in the Will is paid out?

A: Yes, you can. The Legal Consolidated Loan to Parents Agreement is structured to achieve that outcome.

The Legal Consolidated Loan to Parents Agreement is unsecured. But there is power in the Loan Agreement to register caveats, mortgages etc… over your parent’s assets. But until you do so, the loan by the child to the parents is unsecured. 

While unsecured it means that if mum and dad go bankrupt the child stand in line with all the other unsecured creditors.

Mum and Dad want to keep home but still move into aged care

Q: Dad (on his own) needs to go into aged care. Mum is dead.
 
Dad’s only assets are the family home ($800k) and $90k cash.
 
Dad is on a full age pension.
 
The required bond is around $700K to enter aged care in the area he lives. Dad could sell their family home. And pay for the bond with the proceeds of the home. A standard practice.
 
However, in this case the children are in a position to help. (It comes up more often than you think.) The children are prepared to lend Dad the money. This is via the Legal Consolidated Loan to Parent Agreement.
 
Therefore, the family home does not need to be sold.
 
Thankfully, the Legal Consolidated Loan to Parent Agreement can be attached to a Mortgage. And registered over the home.
 
A Legal Consolidated Loan to Parent Agreement is designed to be secured against the value of the family home. If so then this reduces the ongoing aged care fees. This is because it is the net market value of the home that is counted as an asset.
 
However, as mentioned, the Loan must be secured against the home. And on the title. This is for the above to work. In addition, after two years it has the potential to help in getting more aged pension.
 
Can the Legal Consolidated Loan to Parent Agreement be attached to a Mortgage?
 
Does Legal Consolidated provide the Mortgage, Caveat or register Personal Property Securities Register (PPSR)?
 
A: Legal Consolidated is a law firm. We are not financial planners. We are not accountants. And we do not work in Aged Care and bonds. So we cannot comment on those strategies.
 
However, we confirm that the Loan to Parent Agreement can be used to support a Mortgage, Caveat and chattel security with the PPSR.
  • The forms for the Mortgage and Caveat can generally be downloaded for free from the local titles office.
  • The PPSR form is online. This is not for land. Instead, it is for chattels such as a car, truck and caravan.
Legal Consolidated does not provide those registration services. If you do not feel comfortable downloading those free forms and filling them in, then a local commercial lawyer or conveyancer may be happy to do it for you. For a fee.
 

Lend your parents the ongoing RAD instead

Q: Further to home retention and use of a capital loan from the children.

In many cases, lending to parents to pay their Refundable Accommodation Deposit ( RAD = the capital) is not a good idea. Why? It means that the parent has to pay additional aged care fees. This is because of means testing. It is calculated at 1% pa for a portion and then up to 2% pa on the excess.

A: Another way is for the children to instead pay for the Daily Accommodation Payment:

DAP = ongoing expense similar in concept to rent, and currently calculated at about 4% pa

This way there is no means testing. Mum’s family home is still retained. The children keep their funds invested. And it minimises the amount lent.

The Legal Consolidated Loan to Parents Agreement caters for lending more money from time to time. So it caters for the ongoing debt accumulated.

1Who is the Borrower?

The Borrower (a parent or a related party controlled by your parent) is the entity (human or company) who is going to receive the capital (e.g. money) from the lender (child or an entity you control).

2Who is the Lender?

The Lender (Child) is the entity (human or company) who is passing the capital (e.g. money) to the Borrower.
In this Loan to Parent Agreement, the person who is the Lender is lending the money and the person who is the Borrower is the person borrowing the money.

3What do I get?

Why is it better to prepare my Child to Parent Loan Agreement on a lawyer’s website?
You are dealing directly with a law firm’s website, therefore you:

  1. retain legal professional privilege,
  2. Legal Consolidated is responsible for the Child to Parent Loan Agreement
  3. receive legal advice from us
  4. You are supported by our 100% money back guarantee on every document you build

How do I build the Loan to Parent agreement?

Answer the questions on our website
Read the Summary page
Lock and Build your document
Type in your Credit Card details
The Child to Parent Loan Agreement, our covering letter and Tax Invoice are emailed to you
Print and sign the Child to Parent Loan Agreement
What do I get?

In the Loan to Parent agreement, you get an email that contains:

Loan to Parent Agreement
Our law firm letter of advice on our law firm’s letterhead and signed by one of our Partners.


4I don't know how much I'm lending.

Sometimes you don’t know the amount that you are lending to your parents. If you don’t know you can leave it as the default answer; “as lent from time to time”. This gives you some wiggle room.

If you do know but are paying it in instalments, then put it all in as one figure.

Otherwise, just put in the total figure. Remember to put in the dollar sign.


5What if I don't have a payment date?

Sometimes you might not want to set a specific date in the Child to Parent Loan Agreement. You can leave it as the default answer; “payable on demand as demanded by the Lender”. This also allows you to recover the debt when your mum and dad dies. To put it bluntly it overrides their Will.

If you want it all paid back on the one date, just enter that date in.

Word the Child Lending Money to Parent Loan Agreement how you like. For example

1) “Payable in instalments of 10% per calendar month”

2) “Half to be paid on 21 September 2018, and the remainder to be paid on 21 September 2019”

3) “$100 to be repaid weekly for 10 weeks starting from 4 July 2018”


6What do I put in as the interest rate?

There are five ways you can answer this question depending on how you’d like to do it:

1) If you are charging your parents no interest, put the word “Nil”

2) If you aren’t sure what the interest rate is yet for your mum and dad, leave it as the default, which is “as demanded from the lender from time to time”

3) You can put in a flat rate, for example, “5%” (don’t forget to put the % sign in)

4) Keep it variable, for example, “2% above the Commonwealth Bank interest rate”.

5) You can also use the inflation rate. You could word it something like “calculated according to the percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index (all groups) for the average of the capital cities of the Commonwealth of Australia (as published from time to time by the Australian Bureau of Statistics or body that takes over that function)”.


Loan to a Company:

Loan to a Spouse:

Commercial Loan Agreement:

Division 7a Loan Deed:

ATO Compliant Loan Agreement:

Loan to a Child:

Forgive Debt Agreement:


Legal Consolidated Barristers & Solicitors Australia Brett Davies

Adj Professor, Dr Brett Davies, CTA, AIAMA, BJuris, LLB, Dip Ed, BArts(Hons), LLM, MBA, SJD
Legal Consolidated Barristers and Solicitors
National Australian law firm

National:   1800 141 612
Mobile:      0477 796 959
Email:       [email protected]


21/11/2017

Child loan to parent (including aged care) – Child lending money to parents

Loan to a Company: Loan to a Spouse: Commercial Loan Agreement: Division 7a Loan Deed: ATO Compliant Loan Agreement: Loan to a Child: Forgive Debt Agreement: